WASHINGTON — D.C. police performed more than 1,400 stop and frisks during a four-week period this summer – and 93% of them were on black citizens, according to a WUSA9 analysis of new MPD data.
The new data set, released Monday, covers every stop conducted by police during the period from July 22 to Aug. 18. It includes for the first time new information fields required by the Neighborhood Engagement Achieves Results (NEAR) Act, which required D.C. police to overhaul the way they track stop and frisk encounters.
MPD’s enforcement of stop and frisks has been under fire for more than a year over allegations that there are serious racial disparities – as reported on extensively by WUSA9 investigative reporter Eric Flack.
While the department’s latest release of data, alongside a publication titled the “Stop Data Report,” confirms Flack’s reporting – 70% of all stops over the target period were conducted on black citizens, despite D.C. being only 49% black – a WUSA9 analysis of the underlying data found even more troubling conclusions not included in the report.
For one thing, between July 22 and Aug. 18 MPD officers conducted more than 1,470 protective pat downs, the technical term MPD uses for “frisks.” The appears to directly contradict testimony by MPD Chief Peter Newsham before the D.C. Council during his February performance review.
“There was a one year study on the number of stop and frisk reports that were done by the Metropolitan Police Department and my recollection at the time of reviewing that report, and this is over a one-year period, is that there were about 1,000 stop and frisks reports that were done,” Newsham reported.
WUSA9 found 1,470 protective pat downs reported by MPD between July 22 and Aug. 18 alone. That’s almost 500 more frisks in a single month than Newsham testified were reported in a year by D.C. police.
The latest data set also allows for the first time a breakdown of frisks by race of the subject. WUSA9’s analysis found a staggering 93% of frisks by D.C. police during this period were conducted on black subjects.
According to the data, only about 20% of the 11,638 stops conducted over the target period resulted in an arrest. Of those, in the 1,470 where a frisk was conducted, about 43% resulted in an arrest. And while MPD lists removing guns as a main selling point for stop and frisks, less than 9 percent of frisks resulted in a weapons-related charge (and of those, almost 10 percent were for bb guns).
At his performance review in February, Newsham told the D.C. Council that MPD “has never had a stop and frisk program.”
“Stop and frisk is a tactic that was utilized up in New York City, drew a lot of attention from the entire nation about stop and frisk practices,” Newsham said. “We have never directed our police officers to indiscriminately stop and frisk anyone. And we never have. And we never intend to.”
But April Goggans of Black Lives Matter D.C. says the message is clear.
“[It] says to me there still is a disconnect between what the numbers say and what MPD is still willing to acknowledge, both verbally and what officers are allowed to do on the street,” Goggans said.
We requested an interview with MPD today about this report, and submitted questions.
MPD was unable to provide us answers today. But will do an interview with WUSA9 tomorrow.
And we'll have it for you then.
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Erick Flack and Jordan Fischer are investigative reporters with WUSA9. Follow them on Twitter at @EricFlackTV and @JordanOnRecord.