WASHINGTON — New data released by the FBI this week shows crime is down nearly across the board in D.C. -- with two notable exceptions: murder and larceny.
On Sunday, the FBI released “Crime in the United States, 2018,” its annual publication of crime data received through the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program from more than 16,000 police departments across the country.
The UCR data provides a yearly snapshot of crime neighbors in two categories, known as Part I and Part II crimes. Part I contains the eight most serious crimes reported through the UCR program:
- Criminal Homicide (murder and nonnegligent manslaughter)
- Aggravated Assault
- Motor Vehicle Theft
The first four crimes are combined into an aggregate "violent crime" number. The remaining four are considered "property crime."
While property crime in the District on the whole saw a slight uptick from 2017 to 2018 – driven by an increase in larceny – it remains down 15% from where it was in 2014, and down more than 50% from its high in the 1990s.
Violent crime overall saw a marginal decrease from 2017 to 2018, continuing a years-long declining trend.
Notably bucking that trend, though, is criminal homicide -- which rose by more than 30% in 2018. Last year 160 people were killed in D.C., making it the second-deadliest year in the past decade.
In response to a string of shootings over the past few weeks, Mayor Muriel Bowser and Police Chief Peter Newsham announced an increased police presence in certain parts of the District in the hope of curtailing further violence.
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In the property crimes category, burglary and motor vehicle theft both continued their downward trends -- albeit with less of a drop than in recent years. The District has seen a dramatic decline in both over the past two decades, with motor vehicle thefts dropping by nearly 80% since a spike in 2003. Burglaries dropped by just under 70% over the same time period.
The declines in those two categories were outweighed in 2018 by larceny, however, which has increased by nearly 50% since its low point in 2004.
Jordan Fischer is an investigative data reporter with WUSA9. Follow him on Twitter at @JordanOnRecord.