When the mercury dips into frigid territory, there are a few things to keep in mind, especially when the power goes out.
1. Include power outages in your family disaster plan, identifying alternate means of transportation and routes to home, school or work.
2. Keep extra cash on hand since an extended power outage may prevent you from withdrawing money from automatic teller machines or banks.
3. Keep your car fuel tank at least half-full, gas stations rely on electricity to power their pumps.
4. During a power outage, resist the temptation to call 9-1-1 for information–that's what your battery-powered radio is for.
5. Turn off all lights but one, to alert you when power resumes.
6. Check on elderly neighbors, friends, or relatives who may need assistance if weather is severe during the outage.
7. Keep a supply of flashlights, batteries and a battery-powered radio on hand. Do not use candles as they pose a fire hazard.
8. Put on layers of warm clothing. Never burn charcoal for heating or cooking indoors.
9. If you are using a gas heater or fireplace to stay warm, be sure the area is properly ventilated.
10. Go to a designated public shelter if your home loses power or heat during periods of extreme cold. Text SHELTER + your ZIP code to 43362 (4FEMA) to find the nearest shelter in your area (example: shelter 12345)
11. Keep a supply of non-perishable foods, medicine, baby supplies, and pet food as appropriate on hand. Be sure to have at least one gallon of water per person per day on hand.
12. Avoid opening the fridge or freezer. Food should be safe as long as the outage lasts no more than four hours.
13. Have one or more coolers for cold food storage in case power outage is prolonged. Perishable foods should not be stored for more than two hours above 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
14. If you eat food that was refrigerated or frozen, check it carefully for signs of spoilage.
15. Do not run a generator inside a home or garage. Use gas-powered generators only in well-ventilated areas.
16. Connect only individual appliances to portable generators.
17. Don't plug emergency generators into electric outlets or hook them directly to your home's electrical system – as they can feed electricity back into the power lines, putting you and line workers in danger.
When Power Returns
18. When power comes back on, it may come back with momentary "surges" or "spikes" that can damage equipment such as computers and motors in appliances like the air conditioner, refrigerator, washer or furnace.
19. When power is restored, wait a few minutes before turning on major appliances to help eliminate further problems caused by a sharp increase in demand.
Tips provided by the nonprofit Federal Alliance for Safe Homes (FLASH).