SAULSVILLE, South Africa (WUSA9) -- South Africans, both black and white, continue to flock to the union building in Pretoria to say their final goodbyes to Nelson Mandela. His body will lie in stateThursday andFriday before beginning the journey to his home village of Qunu for burial on Sunday.
Derek McGinty reported livefrom Saulsville in a squatter camp. Black peoplewere forced there years ago as part of apartheid.Some of the housesare made of corrugated metal or a concrete shell. Many of them arenot heated, not air conditioned. Some have electricity. Many do not have running water.
South Africa is still known as the richest economy in the whole continent of Africa but they're still deeply plagued of economic problems. People come to squatter camps when they have nowhere else to go and they try to make a living. At afruit stand, gentlemen are looking hard to put their fruit away, perhaps looking to sell it. Right behind them, the refuge because they have no other place to put it. It's a tough life, totally in contrast to the riches you'll see in the cities we've been to so far like Pretoria and Johannesburg.
Daniellives in a squatter camp and he wasgracious enough to share the story with us. He says that he's been there for 14 years and never had a job. He said that he's tried but is depends on who you know whether you get a job or not.
"As long as Mandela is gone things are going to be worse," said Daniel about the seriousness of the unemployment problem.
He says he blames "people who are ruining the government" and not Mandela for the problem. "He wanted black and white to be the same. Exactly.He tried to change the policies, the constitution, political..."
Daniel later told us, "If we can unite,I think the problem would be solved."
We should note that Nelson Mandela, wrote in his own autobiography, he became convinced a big part of the apartheid race problem was an income problem, the haves and have nots.
A twelve-year-old at the squatter camp told us about being sad to hear about Nelson Mandela passing away. "I was sad because Nelson Mandela is my friend, our father. He struggled for freedom. He went to jail for 27 years for us. When he came out, we went to vote for him and he became South Africa's first black president."
The twelve-year-old has lived here for eight years. "Have your parents been trying most of that time to move up, find a better place?" asked Derek McGinty. The child responded, "Some other places, they moved out and we just came back to live [here]."
Another person offered a different perspective on what it's like to live there and how people ended up there."A lot of people in South Africa moved from rural South Africa looking for better opportunities in housing because housing is known as,I guess, the city of gold. So when they get here, they realize that they can't get jobs immediately and end up having to create their own homes ... in whatever open land there is," said alocal journalist.
Once you get there, it's difficult to find a job. "Yes, where are you going to find a job in the township and also in town, there aren't any jobs, especially for people who are not skilled and have not been educated and that's our biggest problem," said the journalist.
She saysthere is nothing but love for the man known as Madiba "because Nelson Mandela fought for the struggle, for the apartheid times. He was there to get us out of apartheid.I think the struggle we have now is very different. Now we're fighting an economic struggle and we're trying to get black people on to the same level as white people in terms of economic freedom. I think that's something that needs to be fought for by our current government, not Nelson Mandela. That's why you only hear great things about him because he did his part."
Some people thoughdon't think he went far enough. "The radicals who would rather have him say all the white people must go to the sea and die rather than have to share the wealth of africa, of South Africa with them ... some people feel like our land was taken from us. We needed to take it back and that didn't happen. They were very disappointed when it happened," explained the journalist.
Now it is up to the living to improve conditions.