Hurricane Gloria 1985
On this date in 1985 Hurricane Gloria passed forty five miles east of Cape Henry, Virginia en route to Long Island and Connecticut. The highest one minute wind speed was forty six mph from the WNW, with a sixty seven mph gust at the airport. A 104 mph gust was recorded at South Island. The hurricane produced only a seven foot storm surge as it hit at low tide.
Remember the highest winds are in the northeast quadrant of a storm so the highest winds remained off shore as it passed Virginia, the DelMarVa and New Jersey although Ocean City, Maryland recorded a 90 mph wind gust and an 81 mph gust at Ocean City, New Jersey. This storm went up east coast and slammed eastern Long Island and Connecticut with sustained winds of 85 mph combined with a forward speed of thirty five mph that gave the storm translational winds of 115 mph ! At peak intensity, on September 24th, when the hurricane was east of the Bahamas, Gloria's sustained winds were 150 mph. That's just shy of Category Five criteria, which begins with when sustained winds are over 156 mph.
The center passed near Bridgeport, Connecticut with sustained winds of eighty mph while in Rhode Island a 92 mph wind gust was recorded. At one time 2.2 million people were without power from Maryland to Massachusetts. Rainfall amounts were relatively light with only one to two inches over Long Island and Connecticut. In 1985 figures, total damage 900 million dollars with eight fatalities.